- Determine what the needs are for the house and the garage.
and deal with the most pressing issues (safety first).
- Make appropriate upgrades to the house so that it would qualify
for Energy Star especially regarding high efficiency and conservation.
- Improve indoor air quality.
- Incorporate sustainable material features.
- Combine new technology with recycled and reclaimed products.
- Meet the needs of the homeowners.
- Promote a sustainable lifestyle.
- Add a concrete floor to the garage and weatherize the structure
so that it is suitable for storing materials.
- Evaluate the acreage and
- Determine appropriate use areas for Livestock,
Fruit & Vegetable Gardens, Orchard, etc.
- Turn it into a successful, self-sufficient organic farm.
- Add renewable energy production.
The following information is provided as an example of data collection and
goal setting regarding any construction project. It
is important that the way you live and what your goals are (not only
in the resulting building project, but in life as well) is understood
by the other members of your project team.
The site is two (2) adjacent 10-acre lots located in a rural part of Lafayette County,
MO which is zoned agricultural/residential. It is part of a subdivision
of 5-acre and 10-acre lots surrounded by farm land. The absence of strict
regulations makes this a good choice for the innovative construction
techniques of sustainable “green” building. (The photo
shows both lots.)
Each 10-acre lot is situated on the south side of the road and is rectangular
(330 ft by 1370 ft). Each is a gently rolling field with a difference of
approximately 30 feet from its highest point in the northwest to the
lowest point in the southeast. Prevailing winds during the summer months
are from the south/southwest and shift to the north/northwest during
the winter months.
The site has full solar access. It also has sufficient wind capacity
for a residential wind turbine. The site is also conducive to both underground
storm water storage and geothermal heating/cooling.
The top soil at the site is rich and favorable for organic farming.
The house is connected to a rural water utility.
There is electricity to both the house and the garage (Missouri
allows for net metering).
The client is a middle-aged couple without children who do not feel
middle-aged. The couple enjoys living with and training their Newfoundland
Dogs in obedience, conformation and working activities (draft
and water rescue).
The husband enjoys woodworking and will be maintaining the grounds
and requires an area adjacent to the garage which allows for these activities
and to store equipment. **UPDATE, 2016** He is also an avid beekeeper.
**UPDATE, 2016** The wife has a degree in Commercial Art in addition to being the Owner/Manager of PlayHaven Farm LLC and works from a home office when not working on the farm itself. She requires
an area that has excellent lighting without being hot during the day.
She is also an avid environmentalist and proponent of sustainable building
and renewable energy production. She is a co-author of the DYO® Kits “The
Green Building Decision Kit”. It is her intention to provide tours
of the PlayHaven Farm and the Green Building Project to show the average person how they can get involved in both Sustainable Farming and Sustainable Building, while showing them a
range of options they can incorporate into their own farming, new building or
The couple intends to reside at PlayHaven East for the remainder of their lives. To do this, accommodations
have been considered and features planned to handle compromised mobility.
Among these compromised mobility features are a ramped entry, dumbwaiter
and stair lifts. The house is intended to qualify for the American Lung
The couple enjoys entertaining and desires the common areas of
the house to be open and inviting.
Originally, the house was white with green trim **DONE!!** House RESIDED and Repainted. 1-1/2 story structure (with basement) located approximately 300 feet south of the road and
centered a bit closer to the west lot line than to the east line. It
had a red brick chimney with a wood stove insert in the fireplace on
the first floor **DONE!!** Chimney Repaired. and a wood stove in the basement. There are porches on both the north (street side) and south that require flooring replacement. **DONE!!** South porch floor replaced. North porch completely replaced. There are two bedrooms
on the 2nd floor and a bathroom with a shower stall. On the 1st floor
is the living room, kitchen/dining room, full bath, guest bedroom, front
hall, master bedroom/bathroom. The basement is partially finished with
a metal siding and drywall and a mechanicals/laundry/storage area. There
is no egress from the basement.
**UPDATE** Remodeling plans include each bathroom, the basement to incorporate a root cellar (with external entrance) and pantry, the kitchen to provide better use of space and storage with a eating porch added to the east side of the house with an external door.
The roof is dark green standing seam metal (8 years old). There is a
gutter on the south slope next to the chimney. **DONE!!** Roof Replaced.
is a rain garden 'pond' surrounded by a 'U' drive on the north side of
the house. There are mature trees along the east, south and west lot
lines and along the driveway.
Views are primarily within the grounds in all directions, hindered beyond only by the treelines.
The garage is a metal, gambrel building with a white roof located just
west of the house and is set lower than the surrounding ground and therefore gets standing water in it when there is heavy rain. **DONE!!** French Drains Installed around Garage. Area to the north and south
of the garage/workshop is suitable for planting and/or livestock.
The septic system is located to the northeast of the house. A fruit
tree orchard is planned to the north of this area. **DONE!!** Orchard Planted.
The area adjacent to the house on the south and southeast sides will be fenced and designated as a dog
yard. The adjacent areas to the north and east of the house will also be fenced and have vegetable, herb and
flower gardens. **DONE!!** Yards fenced. Raised Beds Added.
The rest of the acreage (to the south and in the lot to the west) will be cross fenced
and is suitable for pasture. **DONE!!** Pasture cross fenced. There are two (2) small livestock ponds and a
4-stall horse barn near the southern edge of the property.
See the Status Reports and individual project pages for
more information on our progress renovating PlayHaven East. (All information prior to 2016 is available in Adobe Reader files (PDFs) from Merchandise/General Store.)
As needs change, it is important to incorporate accessibility into home
design, a concept that strives to incorporate characteristics for access
into products, elements and spaces that can be used by everyone.
Because this home was not designed for a middle-aged couple desiring
to stay in the house through their senior years, the house contains many
opportunities to make it accessible should
their health become compromised.
- Kitchen is currently wide enough to accommodate wheelchairs
- Interior Doorways have a flat threshold but many are very
- Hallways and stairs are wide, stair risers are shallow,
and stair lifts can be installed.
- Daylighting is not a dominant feature in this house.
Natural lighting reduces energy use and increases the comfort
level of the inhabitants.
- Artificial lighting will be a combination of CFL and LED technology
to reduce heat gain and energy use. **DONE!!**
- Sensors and timers will be used in appropriate areas, i.e.
closets, passageways, etc.
- All new appliances will be Energy Star rated (as possible). **DONE!!**
Bathtubs & Showers:
- Tubs and showers will be equipped with grab bars, hand held
showerheads, and non-slip flooring.
As the house becomes more tightly constructed,
an High Efficiency Recirculation and Ventilation system will be used
to introduce fresh air into the house when the weather does not permit
opening the windows. An ERV (Energy Recovery Ventilator) will be used
to retrieve heat and moisture and transfer it from the exhaust air stream
to the incoming air stream during the heating season (and vice versa
during the cooling season). The ERV also includes a high efficiency filter
to reduce air-borne pathogens, producing a better indoor air quality.
The house is heated with LPG (liquid propne gas) and has an older furnace
and water heater. Plans are to replace it with a geothermal system with
a programmable thermostat. **DONE!!** Geothermal Installed.
The house is cooled by a 9 SEER central air conditioner. Plans are to
replace it with a geothermal system with a programmable thermostat. **DONE!!** Geothermal Installed.
The house is standard stick-frame construction with fiberglass batt
insulation. It has a radiant barrier on the exterior walls beneath the
composite siding. The attic insulation is fiberglass batt between the
ceiling joists with a layer of drywall nailed to the top of the ceiling
joists and another 4 inches of blown in fiberglass on top of that. Plans
are to remove this insulation and replace it with dense packed cellulose. **DONE!!** Insulation Updated.
Exterior windows and doors are double paned. Additionally, the windows
on the main level are generally protected and shaded by the south and
north porches. There are only three small windows on the east and west
Renewable Energy Production
Plans are to incorporate photovoltaic (PV) products
on the roof of the house for year-round production of electricity.
Storage of electricity via batteries is desired but not feasible
at this time.
Each 10-acre lot is large enough to accommodate a residential-size
The house will utilize Energy Star rated appliances to the greatest extent possible.
Energy Star qualified refrigerators use up to 40 percent less energy than the conventional models sold in 2001 and at least 15 percent less energy than models built to current federal standards. These refrigerators feature high-efficiency compressors, improved insulation, and more precise temperature and defrost mechanisms. **DONE!!** Refrigerators Updated.
Energy Star qualified freezers use at least 10 percent less energy than required by current federal standards. **DONE!!** Freezers Updated.
Energy Star qualified dishwashers use at least 25 percent less energy and up to 40 percent less water than standard models and can save more than $25 a year in energy and water costs. These dishwashers use “smart” features such as effective washing action, energy-efficient motors, and sensors that determine the necessary cycle length and water temperature. **DONE!!** Dishwasher Updated.
Energy Star qualified clothes washers use up to 50 percent less energy and about one-third less water than standard washers. As a result, expect to save up to $75 per year on utility and water bills with additional savings from using less detergent. Most Energy Star qualified washers extract more water during the spin cycle, providing further energy savings when using a clothes dryer because drying time will be shorter. The client will see less wear and tear on clothes from front loading model(s), which do not need an agitator. Since there is not Energy Star rating for clothes dryers, a unit that matches the clothes washer will be purchased. Additionally, clothing will be dried outside using the sun and wind whenever feasible. **DONE!!** Clothes Washer Updated.
Artificial lighting will be a combination of CFL
technology to reduce heat gain and energy use. **DONE!!** Lighting Updated.
Sensors and timers will be used in appropriate areas, i.e.
closets, passageways, etc.
Exterior steps will be well lit with solar powered LED
lighting. **DONE!!** Lighting Updated.
Energy Star 'Cool' Roof
The plan is to replace the dark green
metal roof with an Energy Star 'Cool' Roof. **DONE!!** Roof Replaced.
Water Collection System
Gutters will be added
to harvest rain water and will be collected in at least one
underground cistern. This water will be used for tertiary uses
plants. **DONE!!** Gutters Installed.
Rain barrels will be added at each down spout. **DONE!!** Rain Barrels in Use.
The use of rain water not only promotes water conservation, but
promotes an aspect of sustainable development of such an irreplaceable
Reuse and Recycle
The PlayHaven Green Building Project will incorporate
much reused, reclaimed and recycled material/products as
The interior of the house is designed to be aesthetically simple
so that unique architectural salvage may be
incorporated into it over time. Habitat
for Humanity’s ReStore is one such resource for recycled
materials and products.
New, recycled products that are planned for inclusion are:
- Countertops made from recycled glass aggregate, and
- A variety of floorings including recycled PET carpeting,
reclaimed timber, stained concrete, cork, natural
linoleum, and porcelain tile.
It is important to maintain a healthy indoor air
therefore, the PlayHaven Green Building Complex will use:
- low and no-VOC paints, stain, varnishes, and sealants, **DONE!!**
- FSC certified interior wood and panel products, and
- Environmentally-friendly cleaning products. **DONE!!**